A small group of super-powerful corporations has become a dominant force that essentially controls human industry and shapes the modern world we live in, scientists say. In a new study, an international team of researchers suggests that this elite cadre of dominant transnational corporations (TNCs, sometimes also called multinationals) may wield an outsized influence over
0 Comments
SMITHSONIAN.COM | Sept. 16, 2019, 2:23 p.m. Sam Calagione’s boil kettle—discolored from heavy use and topped with a repurposed kitchen pot lid, looking a bit like a mismatched hat—didn’t arrive alone last week to the storage shelves at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. Calagione, the founder of Dogfish Head Craft Brewery, formerly Dogfish
0 Comments
WASHINGTON — After five month-long extensions, the U.S. government signed a seven-year agreement with Iridium Communications for unlimited use of the McLean, Virginia-based firm’s mobile communications constellation. Iridium’s new Enhanced Mobile Satellite Services contract is two years longer and $238.5 million higher than the five-year deal it signed in 2013, roughly four years before it
0 Comments
A roughly 4,000-year-old burial site discovered on an island off the coast of Georgia points toward ties between early hunter-gatherers living on opposite sides of North America. As researchers led by Matthew Sanger, an anthropologist at New York’s Binghamton University, report in the journal American Antiquity, the McQueen shell ring—a large circle of shells centered
0 Comments
The mineral olivine contains melt inclusions (black dots), just a few micrometers in size. The geochemists isolated these inclusions and investigated the isotopic composition with mass spectrometers. Credit: Münster University – Felix Genske More What is the chemical composition of the Earth’s interior? Because it is impossible to drill more than about ten kilometres deep
0 Comments
Enterococcus faecalis. Credit: United States Department of Agriculture More Researchers have engineered a plasmid to remove an antibiotic resistance gene from the Enterococcus faecalis bacterium, an accomplishment that could lead to new methods for combating antibiotic resistance. The research is published this week in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for
0 Comments
Credit: CC0 Public Domain More Physicists at Uppsala University in Sweden have identified how to distinguish between true and ‘fake’ Majorana states in one of the most commonly used experimental setups, by means of supercurrent measurements. This theoretical study is a crucial step for advancing the field of topological superconductors and applications of Majorana states
0 Comments
This diagram depicts a theoretical phenomenon called ferrovolcanism, where metal-rich asteroids erupt molten iron. The ferrovolcanism might result when pockets of melted alloy rise to the surface and could explain the formation of meteorites called pallasites. An upcoming NASA space mission to the asteroid Psyche may allow scientists to confirm their theory.  (James Tuttle Keane
0 Comments
Up to three indivudal drops may be placed onto the sample holder. Credit: HZB More Proteins are huge molecules that often have complex three-dimensional structure and morphology that can include side chains, folds, and twists. This three-dimensional shape is often the determining factor of their function in organisms. It is therefore important to understand the
0 Comments
The layout and major features of the KATRIN experimental facility at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. Credit: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology More An international team of scientists has announced a breakthrough in its quest to measure the mass of the neutrino, one of the most abundant, yet elusive, elementary particles in our universe. At the
0 Comments
The vast majority of Americans underestimate the magnitude of economic inequality between Whites and racial minorities, particularly Black and Latinx people, new data indicate. In a national survey of more than 1,000 adults from racial and socioeconomic backgrounds largely representative of the demographics of the United States, Yale University psychological scientists have found that people
0 Comments
Brought into a magnetic field, the temperature of certain materials changes significantly. Scientists want to use this effect to build eco-friendly cooling devices. Credit: HZDR/Juniks More Later during this century, around 2060, a paradigm shift in global energy consumption is expected: we will spend more energy for cooling than for heating. Meanwhile, the increasing penetration
0 Comments
When the massive herds of bison disappeared from the North America in the 1800s, they took with them a very specific ecosystem: trampled ground. The disturbed earth was the chief habitat of running buffalo clover Trifolium stoloniferum, a plant species once found in nine states stretching from the Midwest to the Appalachians. While it was
0 Comments
At present the optical lattice clock is a complex arrangement of optical and electronic components. Credit: (c) 2019 Katori et al. More Researchers experimentally determined a property of cadmium called the magic wavelength which is considered essential for the development of the most accurate clocks ever envisaged. The researchers hope this may permit simple and
0 Comments
Cells with MOFs carrying siRNA. Credit: University of Cambridge More Scientists from the University of Cambridge have developed a platform that uses nanoparticles known as metal-organic frameworks to deliver a promising anti-cancer agent to cells. Research led by Dr. David Fairen-Jimenez, from the Cambridge Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, indicates metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) could
0 Comments
A new statistical modelling tool will enable land management authorities to predict where invasive weed species are most likely to grow so they can find and eliminate plants before they have time to spread widely. In the study, published in the journal Methods in Ecology and Evolution, the researchers developed the tool that uses information
0 Comments